Active Ingredients: Amoxicillin
The decrease encompasses most antibiotic groups with the exception of nitrofurantoin, pivmecillinam, trimethoprim with sulphonamides, and penicillins with enzyme inhibitor and macrolides.
The increase of pivmecillinam and nitrofurantoin is in accordance with national treatment recommendations since they are recommended as first line antibiotics for urinary tract infections UTIs.
A shortage of erythromycin during the spring of affected the statistics and explains the increased sales of macrolides in. Beta-lactamase—sensitive penicillins together with tetracyclines were the most commonly used antibiotics in outpatient care.
Antibiotics commonly used to treat respiratory tract infections were the most frequently prescribed antibiotics. Among these substances, we also found the greatest decrease in sales 7 percent in compared to.
The decrease is mainly related to a significant reduction in sales of beta-lactamase— sensitive penicillins 8 percent and tetracyclines 10 percent. Treatment of lower UTIs in women appears to be following national recommendations.
In, the total sales of antibiotics commonly used to treat UTIs in women aged 18—79 years decreased slightly 1 percent compared to. The same positive trend as previously described with increased use of the first-line drugs pivmecillinam and nitrofurantoin and reduced sales of trimethoprim 13 percent and fluoroquinolones 2 percent was seen.
The total sales of antibiotics commonly used to treat UTIs in men 65 years and older increased slightly 1 percent in compared to. Fluoroquinolones are still the most common antibiotics for treating UTIs in this population, but sales of fluoroquinolones decreased by 2 percent in compared to.
In, the sales of pivmecillinam and nitrofurantoin increased by 20 percent and 12 percent, respectively, as measured by prescriptions per 1 000 men and year, compared to. The sales of antibiotics prescribed by dentists decreased by 9 percent in compared to, from 26.
The greatest decrease in was seen for amoxicillin 13 percent and clindamycin 14 percent. In, the total consumption of antibiotics in Swedish acute care hospitals increased slightly compared to. The consumption of beta-lactamase—sensitive penicillins, cephalosporins, and aminoglycosides did not change during the last year, and the consumption is at almost the same level as in.
The use of beta-lactamase—resistant penicillins, fluoroquinolones, penicillins with enzyme inhibitor and carbapenems continues to increase as in previous years.